As with other authors of the Second Sophistic, Arrian wrote primarily in Attic (Indica is in Herodotus' Ionic dialect, his philosophical works in Koine Greek). Voyage down the Hydraotes and Acesines into the Indus, XV. Capture of Aornus.—Arrival at the Indus, III. These lectures were published by Arrian, under the title of Discourses of Epictetus, in eight books, the first four only of which have come down to us. Let us know what’s wrong with this preview of, Published V. Besides editing these philosophical works, Arrian ​wrote many original books. Alexander arrived at Thapsacus in the month Hecatombaion,[1] in the archonship of Aristophanes at Athens; and he found that two bridges of … Description of the Battle of the Granicus, XVI. It is a comparatively easy thing to give a paraphrase of a foreign work, presenting the general drift of the original; but no one, unless he has himself tried it, can understand the difficulty of translating a classical Author correctly without omission or mutilation. I was very interested in the flesh and blood Alexender and. Reconciliation between Alexander and his Army, XII. ↑ This is an Homeric name for Mars the war-god. Arrian's Anabasis of Alexander in seven books is the best account we have of Alexander's adult life.Indica, a description of India and of Nearchus's voyage therefrom, was to be a supplement. From section 26 of the Periplus we find that this voyage must have taken place about the year 131 or 132 A.D.; for the death of King Cotys II., noticed, ​in that passage as just dead, is proved by Böckh's investigations to have occurred in 131 A.D. Two other geographical works, The Periplus of the Bed Sea and The Periplus of the Euxine, formerly ascribed to Arrian, are proved to belong to a later date. Bithynica in eight books, a work often quoted by Eustathius in his commentaries to the Iliad and to Dionysius Periegetes. VIII. He intended this work to be his masterpiece, believing Alexander to be a splendid … 12 and 13) that the Persian infantry was inferior in number to that of Alexander. A student of Epictetus, Arrian took notes at his lectures and published them in eight books (of which we have four: The Discourses ) and in the Encheiridion or Manual of Epictetus . I thought he sometimes tries to shift the blame away from Alexender where he had blame for a event e.g. In the Commentary which I have compiled, continual reference has been made to the other extant authorities on the history of Alexander, such as Diodorus, Plutarch, Curtius, Justin, and Aelian; so that I think I may safely ​assert that, taking the Translation and the Notes together, the book forms a complete history of Alexander's reign. An Array of Battle against the Alani, is a fragment discovered in the seventeenth century in the Description of his Battles with the Alani, who invaded his province, probably 187 A.D., as Arrian had previously feared.[10]. March through the Desert of Gadrosia, XXIII. . [1] Not only was he called Xenophon by others, but he calls himself so in Cynegeticus(v. 6); and in Periplus (xii. Parthica, in seventeen books. Arrian's Anabasis of Alexander in seven books is the best account we have of Alexander's adult life. An Omen of Alexander's Approaching Death, XXIII. Voyage down the Hydaspes into the Acesines, VIII. We know from Arrian (chaps. XV. Wikisource. See Photius,(cod. I thought he sometimes tries to shift the blame away from Alexender where he had blame for a event e.g. No edition of his works has, so far as I am aware, ever appeared in England, though on the Continent many have been published. . March into Syria.—Alexander's Kindness to Harpalus and his other early Adherents, VIII. Arrian lived four centuries after Alexander, but he did have a number of contemporary sources on which he based his history - especially the accounts of Ptolemy (one of Alexander's generals who became ruler of Egypt) and Aritobulus (a military engineer on some of Alexander's campaign -- … IV. Siege of Halicarnassus.—Abortive Attack on Myndus, XXIII. Greek Wikisource has original text related to this article: Ἀλεξάνδρου ἀνάβασις; Arrian, Anabasis Alexandri, translated by E.J. Campaign against Oxycanus and Sambus, XVII. v. 1. I. He died in the reign of Marcus Aurelius. Neither of these histories has survived, but they served Arrian as the groundwork for the composition of his own narrative. Arrian's Anabasis of Alexander in seven books is the best account we have of Alexander's adult life.Indica, a description of India and of Nearchus's voyage therefrom, was to be a supplement. . v. 1, it is clear that it was composed after the Anabasis. . Arrian does not attempt to analyze why Alexander did what he did, nor does he provide much character study or the antecedents of the war. Alexandri Anabasis by Arrian (86 - c. 160 CE) Published in Geneva, 1575 CE. The Alani, or, Albani of the East, a tribe related to the Massagetae, were threatening to invade his province, and he made this voyage with a view of fortifying the most important strategic points on the coast. I have noticed as many of his deviations from Attic Greek constructions as I thought suitable to a work of this kind. Considered by many to be the most important work on Alexander the Great, Arrian's "The Anabasis of Alexander" is an accurate and thorough account of the Macedonian conqueror's military exploits. Alliance with Porus.—Death of Buoephalas, XX. Alexander's Dealings with the Indian Sages, III. The earlier literary efforts of Arrian were philosophical. When I began this Translation, more than two years ago, I had no intention of publishing it; but as the work progressed, it occurred to me that Arrian is an Author deserving of more attention from the English speaking races than he has yet received. 1976 the great slaughter commited at Thebes and his fault at killing his friend. History of the Alani. Another lost work of Arrian on the life and death of Epictetus is mentioned by Simplicius in the beginning of his Commentary on the Enchiridion. The Advice of the Chaldees rejected, XIX. Start by marking “Anabasis of Alexander, Books 1–4 (Loeb Classical Library, #236)” as Want to Read: Error rating book. Ten Thousand Macedonians sent Home witli Craterus.—Disputes between Antipater and Olympias, XV. Alliance with the Scythians and Chorasmians, XVI. I heard of Arrian in the memoirs of Hadrian.He was a man of great energy and great skill. . Voyage down the Indus to the Land of Musicanus, XVI. All we know of Arrian is derived from the notice of him in the Bibliotheca of Photius, who was Patriarch of Constantinople in the ninth century, and from a few incidental references in his own writings. Death of Philip and Accession of Alexander.—His Wars with the Thracians, III. II. Embassies from Greece.—Fleet prepared for Invading Arabia, XX. Ptolemy was one of the earliest friends of Alexander before his accession to the throne, and accompanied him throughout his campaigns, being one of his most. Siege of Tyre.—Construction of a Mole from the Mainland to the Island, XXII. —, Ptolemaeus, surnamed Soter, the Preserver, but more commonly known as the Son of Lagus, a Macedonian of low birth. It is entitled Cynegeticus of Arrian or the second Xenophon the Athenian. But in my opinion the narratives of Ptolemy and Aristobulus are more worthy of credit than the rest; Aristobulus, because he served under king Alexander in his expedition, and Ptolemy, not only because he accompanied Alexander in his expedition, but also because he was himself a king afterwards, and falsification of facts would have been more disgraceful to him than to any other man. Indica, a description of India and of Nearchus's voyage therefrom, was to be a supplement. Considered by many to be the most important work on Alexander the Great, Arrian's "The Anabasis of Alexander" is an accurate and thorough account of the Macedonian conqueror's military exploits. Arrian stated Ptolemy son of Lagos (a commander in Alexander's army ) and Aristobulus son of Aristobulus (an architect ) as the primary sources for information for the contents of the piece (DL Smith 2012),both of these accompanied Alexander on the anabasis. . A student of Epictetus, Arrian took notes at his lectures and published them (in eight books of which we have four, The Discourses) and also the Encheiridion or Manual of Epictetus. I. Arrian The Anabasis of Alexander The Anabasis (which survives complete in seven books) is a history of the campaigns of Alexander the Great, specifically … The reason is that Arrian ignored Cleitarchus' immensely popular History of Alexanderand used other, better sources. 95-175 BCE) is the best extant account of Alexander the Great's adult life. Rumour that Alexander was Poisoned, https://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=The_Anabasis_of_Alexander&oldid=9847143, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 18-19), [dead link] Battle of the Granicus, from the Loeb edition. 85) expressly mentions the two works as distinct. Alexander reaches the River Cabul, and Receives the Homage of Taxiles, XXV. March from the Indus to the Hydaspe, XVIII. XI. Siege of Tyre.—Naval Defeat of the Tyrians, XXV. . . My theory of the duty of a Translator is, to give the ipsissima verba of his Author as nearly as possible, and not put into his mouth words which he never used, under the mistaken notion of improving his diction or his way of stating his case. The Loeb Classical Library edition of Arrian is in two volumes. Gellius (xix. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. 93) says:—"The Bithynica commences from the mythical events of history and comes down as far as the death of the last Nicomedes, who at his death bequeathed his kingdom to the Romans, who had never been ruled by a king after the expulsion of Tarquin.". See Photius (cod. . His model was Xenophon's Anabasis. Arrian, Greek historian and philosopher who was one of the most distinguished authors of the 2nd-century Roman Empire. Alexander marches to Miletus and Occupies the Island of Lade, XX. Musicanus Executed.—Capture of Patala, XX. Lucian in his treatise. Alexander at the Tomb of Achilles.—Memnon's advice Rejected by the Persian Generals, XV. March through the Desert of Gadrosia, XXVII. . A valuable geographical work by Arrian has come down to us, called "Περίπλους πόντου Εύξείνου" a description of a voyage round the coasts of the Euxine. I have admitted into my narrative as strictly authentic all the statements relating to Alexander and Philip which Ptolemy, son of Lagus,[11] and Aristobulus, son of Aristobulus,[12] agree in making; and from those statements which differ I have selected that which appears to me ​the more credible and at the same time the more deserving of record. Other authorities quoted by Arrian himself were:—Eratosthenes, Megasthenes, Nearchus, Aristus, and Asclepiades. Alexander's Treatment of the Captured Greek Ambassadors.—Submission of Byblus and Sidon, XVI. There is nothing like reading a history or biography book and being so completely transported to another time and place that you find... To see what your friends thought of this book, Anabasis of Alexander, Books 1–4 (Loeb Classical Library, #236). A complete index of Proper Names has been added, and the quantities of the vowels marked for the aid of the English Reader. The Macedonians Offended at Alexander, XI. Considered by many to be the most important work on Alexander the Great, Arrian's "The Anabasis of Alexander" is an accurate and thorough account of the Macedonian conqueror's military exploits. It is primarily a military history, reflecting the content of Arrian's model, Xenophon's Anabasis; the work begins with Alexander's accession to the Macedonian throne in 336 BC, and has nothing to say about Alexander's early life (in contrast, say, to Plutarch's Life of Alexander). Marriages between Macedonians and Persians, VI. Dispute between Callisthenes and Anaxarchus, XI. 92) has preserved many extracts from this work. Oxyartes Besieged in the Sogdian Rock, XIX. . The barharous conduct of Alexander towards Philotas four years after, when contrasted with his arriwn confidence in Philip, shows ardian bad effect of his unparalleled success, upon his moral character. Arrian, or Lucius Flavius Arrianus, was a Greek born of well-to-do parents at Nicomedia, the capital of the Roman province of Bithynia, probalbly a few years before A.D. 90.His father had been granted Roman citizenship which enabled Arrian to take up his career in the imperial service. Have you ever had that strange feeling when you drive past the site of a recently demolished building in your neighbourhood and you can't remember what was there? XIII. The History of the Wars and Conquests of Alexander the Great. . Peucestas appointed Viceroy of Persis, I. Alexander's Plans.—The Indian Philosophers, II. Darius pursued into Media and Parthia, XXV. . Some statements made by other writers I have incorporated in my narrative, because they seemed to me worthy of mention and not altogether improbable; but I have given them merely as reports of Alexander's proceedings. In the multiplicity of references which I have put into the Notes, I should be sanguine if I imagined that no errors will be found; but if such occur, I must plead as an excuse the pressure of work which a teacher in a large school experiences, leaving him very little energy for literary-labour. The Anabasis is by far the fullest surviving account of Alexander's conquest of the Persian empire. The Anabasis of Alexander was composed by Arrian of Nicomedia in the second century AD, most probably during the reign of Hadrian. Titled Anabasis, presumably in order to recall Xenophon’s work of that title, it describes Alexander’s Arrian takes for granted much that a modern reader (and perhaps some of his own public) might not know; in particular, he plunges into the story of Alexander’s campaigns without telling us anything about the condition of Macedon, Greece or Persia at the time, of the circumstances of his own accession or of the military resources at his command. Anabasis of Alexander: The Battle of Gaugamela (Book III, 7-16) By: Arrian (Lucius Flavius Arrianus) Translated By: E. J. Chinnock 7. . Arrian of Nicomedia (Latin: Lucius Flavius Arrianus Xenophon; Greek: Ἀρριανός c. AD c. 86 – c. 160) was a Greek historian, public servant, military commander and philosopher of the 2nd-century Roman period. Though inspired with admiration for his hero, the author evinces impartiality and freedom from hero-worship. Alexander destroys the City of the Getae.—The Ambassadors of the Celts, XI. Defeat of the Persians and Pursuit of Darius, XVI. . VII. Treason of Alexander, Son of Aëropus, XXVI. Born some four hundred years after the death of alexander arrian spent his life"s work writing account of alexander"s campaigns. Description of Darius's Army at Arbela, IX. Conquest of Bactria, and Pursuit of Bessus across the Oxus, XXX. . Losses of the Combatants.—Porus Surrenders, XIX. A student of Epictetus, Arrian took notes at his lectures and published them (in eight books of which we have four, The Discourses) and also the Encheiridion or Manual of Epictetus. Callisthenes Opposes the Proposal to honour Alexander by Prostration, XII. Alexander's Tactics.—His Speech to the Officers, XV. Besides the large works, we learn from Photius (cod. Alexander in Pamphylia.—Capture of Aspendus and Side, I. Aristobulus of Potidaea, a town in Macedonia, which was afterwards called Cassandrea, served under Alexander, and wrote a history of his wars, wbich, like that of Ptolemy, was sometimes more panegyrical than the facts warranted. There are, however, at least a dozen valuable Greek authors of this century whose works are still extant, and of these it is a safe statement to make, that Arrian is the best of them all, with the single exception of Lucian. Another work by Arrian, in twelve books, distinct from the above, is mentioned by Photius under the title of "'Όμιλία,'Επικτήτου" or Friendly Conversations with Epictetus. Another lost work of Arrian on the life and death of Epictetus is mentioned by Simplicius in the beginning of his Commentary on the Enchiridion. [5] When Marcus Aurellus came to the throne, Arrian withdrew into private life and returned to his native city, Nicomedia. Self-sacrifice of the Indian Calanus, IV. . His best-known work is the Anabasis, which deals with Alexander the Great.Arrian is the author of various other philosophical and historical texts. Getae, IV. . Be the first to ask a question about Anabasis of Alexander, Books 1–4. Anabasis of Alexander by BEIC Digital Library (Public Domain) Lucius Flavius Arrianus, commonly known as Arrian (86 - c. 160 CE) was a Greek historian, philosopher, and statesman from Nicomedia, capital of the Roman province of Bithynia. Defeat of the Mallians at the river Hydraotes, XII. Callisthenes refuses to Prostrate himself, XIV. Invasion of the Land of the Cathaeans, XXV. Chinnock (1893) Arrian, Anabasis Alexandri, (section 1.13-16) (pp. Magnanimous Treatment of the Family of Darius, XXII. Links to translation of Arrian: Anabasis, by E. Iliff Robson. Alexander visits the Temple of Ammon, VI. As Arrian lived in the second century of the present era, and nearly five hundred years after Demosthenes, it is not to be expected that he wrote classical Greek. After the expulsion of the philosophers from Rome, by Domitian, Epictetus delivered his lectures at Nicopolis, in Epirus, where it is probable that Arrian was his pupil. The two chief sources from which he drew his narrative were the histories written by Ptolemy, son of Lagus, and Aristobulus, son of Aristobulus, both of whom were officers in Alexander's army. The Anabasis of Alexander; or, The history of the wars and conquests of Alexander the Great. The Anabasis of Alexander is perhaps his best-known work, and is generally considered one of the best sources on the campaigns of Alexander the Great. άναλέγομαι in the sense of reading through = άναγιγνώσκειν, is found only in the later writers, Arrian, Plutarch, Dion, Calllmachus, etc. For this work, also known as “The Anabasis of Alexander,” he had access to many sources which are now sadly lost. This is one of the most authentic and accurate of historical works. He also made use of Alexander's letters, which he mentions five times;[6] only once, however, quoting the exact words of the writer. XIV. Escape of Darius into Media.—March of Alexander to Babylon and Susa, XVIII. Execution of Callisthenes and Hermolaus, XV. In the following Translation I have tried to give as literal a rendering of the Greek text as I could without transgressing the idioms of our own language. . the great slaughter commited at Thebes and his fault at killing his friend. Hello Select your address Black Friday Best Sellers Gift Ideas New Releases Electronics Customer Service Home Books Coupons Computers Gift Cards Sell Registry This edition features a new translation of both texts, introduction, notes, guide to military systems and terminology, maps and a full index. Both works are available in the Loeb Epictetus edition. . . [3] Photius says, that Arrian had a distinguished career in Rome, being entrusted with various political offices, and at last reaching the supreme dignity of consul under ​Antoninus Pius. Flight of Macedonian Deserters into Egypt.—Proceedings of Agis, King of Sparta.—Alexander occupies Phoenicia, XIV. IX. . Subjugation of Sogdiana.—Revolt of Spitamenes, XVIII. A description of India, and of Nearchus's voyage thence, was to be a supplement. Refresh and try again. IV. This book is written in the Ionic dialect, like the History of Herodotus and the Indica of Ctesias. [4] Previous to this he was appointed (A.D. 132) by Hadrian, Governor of Cappadocia, which province was soon after invaded by the Alani, or Massagetae, whom he defeated and expelled. Capture of Bessus.—Exploits in Sogdiana, III. Lucian (Alex. Alexander crosses the Hellespont and visits Troy, XII. He was the author of a work describing the campaigns of Alexander the Great. The last authority which he mentions, is the Royal Diary kept by Eumenes, of Cardia, the private secretary of Philip as well as of Alexander, and by the historian Diodotus, of Erythrae. VI. LITERALLY TRANSLATED, WITH A COMMENTARY, FROM THE GREEK OF ARRIAN THE NICOMEDIAN. Arrian of Nicomedia (Latin: Lucius Flavius Arrianus Xenophon; Greek: Ἀρριανός c. AD c. 86 c. 160) was a Greek historian, public servant, military commander and philosopher of the 2nd-century Roman period. Captures the Rock and Marries Roxana, XX of Persis, I. conquest of the beyond! And philosopher who was one of the last 5 years ἀνάβασις ; Arrian, the History of the! Alexander '' s work writing account of Alexander the Great 's Campaigns Loeb. Of Byblus and Sidon, XVI the flesh and blood Alexender and but Leo Tactions (.! A historical classic by Harvard University Press histories has survived, but they served Arrian as groundwork... As Governor of Cappadocia Bactria, and Pursuit of Darius, XVI and 13 ) that the Persian cavalry 10,000! The Offers of Darius 's Letter, and Pursuit of Bessus across the Oxus, XXX the refuses! Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, or the History of the Mouths of the Mouths the. Is written in the flesh and blood Alexender and the war-god of Philip Accession! Last 5 years wrote many original books, A.D. 126, Arrian wrote the life of Tilliborus the... To that of Alexander in seven books is the Trojan and Enyalius the war-god... The world 's greatest conqueror only once, [ 7 ] as it is entitled Cynegeticus of Arrian the... 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