Share your feedback with us today. To learn more about installing Nite Guard Solar lights to protect chickens from coyotes, visit our installation instructions guide. Dogs will also chase off coyotes … They’re very vocal and tend to travel in packs. If you are not allowed to shoot or kill a coyote you can scare them off by letting off a few rounds of shot. Disclaimer: Always consult with a qualified professional exterminator prior to beginning any pest control plan. Enclose the coop in a secure poultry run to discourage dogs, coyotes, bobcats and other four-legged … Minimize waste around your coop and lock up your chicken feed when it’s not being used. You can buy these products at specialty shops or online. Coyotes prefer to live throughout areas where humans aren’t present. Remove all food and water sources from your yard. Consider telling a friend about this page who may appreciate it =]! Some users have seen them only attack the roosters. They are very smart. Another characteristic that makes them a great dog breed to protect chickens is that they are nocturnal. Turns out, there are a ton of DIY home remedies you can do for free (or damn close to free) without having to spend money on expensive and dangerous chemicals. This is especially true when you see coyotes out during the day. The two that come to mind are Anatolian Shepherd and Akbash Shepherds. Never underestimate the coyote. How to protect your chicken coop from coyotes, How to keep coyotes away from free-range chickens, Make sure the barrier is tall, deep, and sturdy. They can fight off smaller predators such as skunks, weasels, and other rodents. Food shortages in the area will drive them mad and on the hunt for food. Learn what predators put your chickens at risk and how to best protect your flock. It is now clear that the coyotes are slowly adapting to the changing conditions, and only smart farmers can protect their chicken. Your county extension office can recommend professional animal-control specialists who can help reduce or eliminate your coyote issue. For smaller predators like possums, weasels, and raccoons, you can use fine hardware cloth that’s ¼”. Because backyard chickens are readily present, this makes them an easy meal. The hard part is that your chickens are a source of food, so this may or may not be an approach you can take. The best thing that you can do to protect your chickens is to provide them with a strong, sturdy coop. Keep your distance should you find one amongst your coops and, with the help of professionals, take measures to protect your flocks from this widespread predator. Also, urine is a … SHOO!”. Secure the Coop. Poultry, such as chickens, ducks, geese and turkeys, are easy prey, and any passing coyote bold enough to approach an area where they are ranging will help itself. How to identify coyotes to make sure that’s what’s eating your chickens, Ways to repel coyotes from your chicken coop, How to protect your free-range chickens from coyotes, Tips to secure your coop and range from most predators. The truth is, you may not find much evidence with a coyote kill. It’s another predator entirely- such as a dog, wolf, weasel, raccoon, or hawk. Urban and suburban coyotes tend to live under porches and sheds, so keeping these areas tightly closed off will discourage them from … To protect your chickens against coyotes, lock them in the chicken coop every night. You’ll have to use a lot of fencing depending on large your range is. For chicken owners, you’ll want to make sure there’s no source of accessible food for the coyote outside of the coop. To protect your chickens against coyotes, lock them in the chicken coop every night. Removing problem coyotes will only make space for other coyotes to move into the area. Learn what predators put your chickens at risk and how to best protect your flock. Because many predators kill chickens in the same manner (missing chickens, flesh wounds, attacking specific parts of the chicken body), it can be hard to tell. Discover how to keep chickens safe from predators the natural way! If they get over the first fence, they’ll likely be very cautious about jumping over the second one into your coop. As featured in Backyard Poultry & The Chicken Whisperer, PredatorPee's chicken coop predator protection products work to keep your flock safe.Because chickens have a weak sense of smell, urine from animals like bobcats, coyotes, and wolves does not effect them at all - but the pests will stay away! Was it the work of a single predator or multiple? So protecting your chicken coop from them shouldn’t be too difficult. Outfit your bins with tightly fitting lids that cannot be easily knocked off. To help combat this type of behavior, simply surround the chicken's run with a 2 foot wide apron of hardware cloth. The content on this site is for informational and educational purposes only and is not intended as professional advice, or to replace a relationship with a qualified professional. Here are tips to keep coyotes out of your chicken coop: Yes. In this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn: By the end of the tutorial, you should have a good foundation of what you need to know to repel, prevent, and manage coyotes for good. According to online reports, the most common ones are easy to tell just by their footprints. Chickens are large, relatively slow-moving and meaty. Many chicken owners have reported that they’ve seen coyotes come into their yard and kill the chicken, sometimes many at a time, but not eat them. This makes it nearly impossible to completely get rid of them. Even though this isn’t that common, it’s still possible and has been observed. One is to fortify the coop and keep it closed tight at night. Make sure your coop is secure so they cannot dig under or climb over it. But beware, their protection comes with a noisy price. This means that food is short and they need to hunt for something to eat. But this is the only secure way to actually allow your chickens to free-range and protect them from coyotes at the same time. Wolves and coyotes typically eat what they kill, Killed chickens that are dragged but not eaten can be raccoons or dogs, Coyotes will usually kill the chicken and take it far away to a safe place to eat it, If many chickens are taken at once, this could be foxes, If multiple adult chickens are missing completely, the predator is likely a coyote, fox, bobcats, hawk, or other predatory bird, If smaller chicks are missing, it could be a snake, rat, raccoon, or cat. If you own a property, be it big or small, you should surround it with a fence, in order to … The prime step to take is to identify the predators of your area such as possums, … If eggs are missing, this is usually a snake, rat, opossum, raccoon, crow, skunk, blue jay, or dog. … Thus, the coyotes will leave your chickens alone. There was no mistaking that canine profile, with that bushy tail hanging down directly behind his hind legs. Other times, some people actually catch them in the act. As the coyotes … backyard-chickens bobcat chicken-coop chicken-wire chickens coyote deterrents hardware-cloth hawks owls predator-guard predators raccoon skunk Take these steps to protect your backyard chickens from predators such as coyotes… There are quite a few things you can do to naturally repel coyotes from your chickens. They will chase off everything from the mailman to coyotes… So you should double-up your chicken security to protect your flock. Not sure what I was looking for, I slowly scanned our yard for whatever had triggered my unease. Don’t use lights that are constantly on as they’ll eventually learn that the lights aren’t threat and ignore them. We bred them selectively for all of… Why do coyotes kill chickens and not eat them? Those living among humans do so because food is plentiful. Thus, they can protect … Coyote - Chicken Predators - How To Protect Your Chickens From Coyotes COYOTE General Information Coyotes (Canis latrans) are a species of canine found throughout North and Central America, Mexico, Panama and Canada. Another option is setting traps, but make sure that they are out of reach of your chickens, children and other pets. Now, as their natural habitat shrinks because of human encroachment, sightings in suburbia—and even in such urban locales as Los Angeles, San Francisco and New York City—are increasingly common. When installing your enclosure, considert not only how high your chickens can fly but also how high predators such as coyotes can jump. I also had been trained in management skills for coyotes and other wild species when I worked in Wyoming, where I regularly encountered coyotes on my patrols. … So don’t expect it to work against everything. They need both to be able to survive, and they’ll go hang around your yard. If you live in an area with lots of hawks and owls you will need to place a cover … Tag: Protect chickens from coyotes How We Protect Chicken Coop From Predators. There’s no exact data for this, as again, there are many variables that come into play. You’ll want to close off the area and do a thorough investigation. We are home and preparing to predator-proof our chicken coop once again! I share handy DIY pest techniques I come across here to help out others (and possibly save them from a mental breakdown). We also have chicken nets in two sizes to deter predatory birds. This means blocking access to birdbaths, ponds, foundation, or other water features. When they smell the urine of a larger predator, they’ll either scurry away or stay out of the area. You can use motion sensor lights that are extremely bright to detect them and scare them. Thank you for choosing this service. They like to hide, stalk, and pounce on prey. Adult females will give live birth after two months and up to 19 pups may be born. Chicken wire is designed to keep chickens in, not predators out. Many people I have talked to will use certain smells or soak sponges in ammonia or bacon grease that will deter or kill coyotes. Because chickens have a weak sense of smell, urine from animals like bobcats, coyotes, and wolves does not effect them at all - but the pests will stay away! There are only a handful of animals you can own that may scare off coyotes. You need to “haze” it every time you possibly can do os. The problem is that they may also pose a problem to your chickens (and yourself). While chickens, sheep and goats are the livestock animals most in need of protection, cattle also face threats from predators such as coyotes, mountain lions, dogs and bears. You want the element of surprise to scare and startle them, so use motion-activated security lights. A determined coyote will not be deterred by a simple wooden slat. But you should still practice caution and exercise common sense. And determined. Most litters are just between 4-6 pups. Diggers are skunk, fox, coyote and badger. There are many variables and no exact answer. If a coyote breaks into the chicken coop, chances are that it’ll kill the chicken and drag it away to eat it somewhere safe. Fortunately, it was so frosty that the birds had already retired for the day. ), Secure your water features (birdbaths, fountains, pools, etc. We don’t confine our birds; they are free ranged most of the year. Coyotes are just one of the many predators that eat chickens. But the ones that are used to your home will be more difficult. Will coyotes attack chickens during the day? Coyotes may also kill more than one chicken, drag them around, but only take one away to eat. We always enjoy hearing from our customers about their experiences using Nite Guard Solar lights. Sometimes a homeowner’s entire hen flock goes missing. This widely depends on a variety of factors. Chickens … If you have a pest problem that’s not covered here, feel free to contact me and let me know. Also, dig below the earth at least 14” to prevent digging. They can break through any weak wiring or fencing weak points. Set them up around your chicken coop and point the sprinkler away from the chickens. Chickens can definitely attract coyotes, as coyotes aren’t specific to any food source. You just want to scare it off and punish it for entering your yard. They cannot fight against larger predators such as Coyotes, large cats, or raccoons. Wounded? Factors like other predators in the area may have scared off the coyote before it could attack any chickens. You’ll need to use actual wire fencing, hardware cloth, or chain-link fencing. Opt for an all-natural spray if possible. Till they lose birds. Just like securing your chicken coop, you’ll also want to secure the actual yard or area where you see coyote activity. This is also known as “hazing a coyote” which many homeowners practice. Coyotes are just one of the many. Coyotes, raccoon, foxes, weasels, birds of prey, opossums, skunks, and snakes would all love to sink their teeth into your precious chickens. Copyright © 2020 EG Media Investments LLC. Some predators, such as fox and coyotes, can access the coop in minutes by easily digging underneath the enclosed outside portion of their housing (chicken run). No need to buy expensive rollers. How do coyotes kill their prey? If your chickens are attracting coyotes—or are being decimated by them—contact your city or county government to learn what local ordinances apply to coyotes. Coyotes are now found in almost every part of North America, causing particular concern for chicken owners as these opportunistic canids lose their fear of people and make themselves at home near human residences. Build a fence. How To Make Your Own Cultured Milk Products, Talking Food Forests & Cucamelons With The Farmer Ken, Mushroom Expert Talks Fungal Forms, Cookery, Morels & More, Grow Culinary Herbs For Your Chickens & The Kitchen. A determined coyote will not be deterred by a simple … We have cougar, bear, lynx and bob cats as well for predators … oh yah and the wolf is now a huge problem for … If you notice that your chickens are being killed but not eaten, then it’s not a coyote. Some coyotes may work together to catch prey. Or if you just want to say “thanks,” please do so also! Note that most mountain lion urine only works at the beginning. This is literally just a tube that rolls when a coyote tries to grip the tube. You can try fences around your property to keep coyotes out. They grew up in this area and live here, and your house with the chickens is just one stop along the way. We have a woven wire fence to keep our goats and sheep in and coyotes out. Coyotes can jump up to 4 feet, so you’ll need to make sure that your fence is at least 5 feet tall. Speaking of fencing, you should invest in one that’s solid, at least 6-feet tall, … Here on our farm we have coyotes, skunks, raccoons, opossums, snakes, bobcats, fox, hawks, eagles, an occasional stray dog, panthers, and wild hogs. These animals will sound an alarm when predators are close and will attack them and fight them, if necessary, to protect the hens and chicks. Here are some other ways to keep predators away from your free-range flock: Coyotes that are used to the area where you live are known to be habituated. Coyotes can provide an invaluable service by culling local rodent populations that can in turn bring disease to communities. Whether you build the chicken coop from scratch or buy one, securing it is the first … We hang our Nite Guards at different heights along our enclosures to ensure there is at least one at eye level for any unwelcome nocturnal visitor. Moreover, their size enables them to take on any type of predators including coyotes and large birds. You'd be surprised at how many people initially use chicken wire. Predatory animals love chickens. Out of all the DIY home remedies to keep coyotes out of your garden, my first choice is this. Your email address will not be published. After owning a (very) small flock of chickens, I’ve seen some of the common predators that prey on them. Make sure that your lock is predator-proof. Please let us know a convenient time to call you on, (*All time slots are available in CDT zone.). The bobcat could be lured to your yard by the smell of the chickens, so keeping the coop extra clean will help. Then you’ll be able to harvest those organic, farm-raised eggs and relish in all the fruits of your hard labor! A coyote uses a quick bite, shake, and release kill method which rattles the internal organs and forces the animal to collapse (even if the neck has… Coyotes and wolves usually prefer to hunt during the night. They’ll grab a chicken and run away to eat it. However you approach the situation, use utmost caution. Protecting livestock by using one predator to repel another gave rise to an expression that makes predation management researchers chuckle: guard coyote (Shivik 2014, p. 74). Soon I had zeroed in on the source, standing in the space between the duck run and the Orpington coop: a coyote. It is now clear that the coyotes are slowly adapting to the changing conditions, and only smart farmers can protect their chicken. Chicken wire is exclusively for chickens, not for coyotes. Chicken wire does NOT protect chickens from coyotes. One of his first jobs was caring for the chickens, gathering eggs and one of … Your email address will not be published. Coyote's can be repelled by using wolf urine, motion activated pest repellents which make noise and light when a predator gets too close can be placed on all four sides of your coop and run, solar powered night eyes make coyote's think another animal is there, and electric fencing can aid in protecting your chickens. I started off with a nasty fly problem, and was very interested in finding ways to get rid of them without having to use harmful chemicals and pesticides. You can also buy sprinkles that activate when motion is detected. Coyotes are canines that are often confused with foxes. They’ll hang around your yard because of them. First-timers can easily be scared off or repealed using any of the methods here. These communities are super helpful. Repelling Feral Animals Use cats for protection only if they are familiar with chickens. But this doesn’t mean they won’t climb to explore or hunt. There are some amazing resources you can check out online, especially chicken owner forums. And in such large quantities, they’ll be happy to do what they can to break through your coop and eat them up. You’ll have to up the ante to get rid of the most prevalent and president coyotes. ... How to protect pets from coyotes Explore this solution. There are definitely ways you can coyote-proof a chicken coop. Clean up and secure all these sources of food and the coyotes will be less attracted to your chickens. Identify the Enemy. Other times, coyotes will break into the coop and kill chicken after chicken, but only take one chicken away. Electric Fences: Electric fences are the most effective method to prevent your sheep from coyotes. Don’t depend on chicken wire to keep coyotes out, because they can tear through it like nothing. But again, they stay in places where humans aren’t present. But this is the only secure way to actually allow your chickens to free-range and protect them from coyotes at the same time. Coyotes may learn over time that no actual predator lion exists. YOU! I created this site to offer my 8 years of natural pest control experience to the public. Make sure every window and door is shut and locked. How do you think the predator entered the coop? Coyotes, raccoon, foxes, weasels, birds of prey, opossums, skunks, and snakes would all love to sink their teeth into your precious chickens. Backyard chickens allow coyotes to have easy access to food that they would otherwise have to hunt down. You’ll have to be sure of the animal you’re dealing with. Coyotes are usually afraid of wolves and mountain lions. You might be referred to your state’s fish and wildlife division to confirm whether coyotes have special status in your state. Just be sure that you’re safe from any possible attacks when you do so. Depending on where you live and the native species, the list will vary. It also makes trapping them much easier since they’ll have a tough time escaping in time. Remember that coyotes travel in packs most of the time, meaning that they can be detrimental if they land in your chicken coop. So if your chickens disappear, it may be a coyote. Coyotes are found all throughout the US and some nearby countries like Mexico and Central America. Chickens with the head missing could be a raccoon, owl, or hawk. Just like the food sources, you’ll also want to prevent the coyotes from accessing any water. Ana Hotaling. Remember that coyotes travel in packs most of the time, meaning that they … Your chickens should now be much safer from coyotes! Coyotes are native to all states across the US except Hawaii, so they’re everywhere. Over time, the generations of chicken predators in the area will learn that your chicken farm isn’t a source of food because they’re not accessible. In rural areas, we face larger threats to our flocks, and protecting chickens from predators is more difficult. Bury it a few inches below the ground's surface. Coyotes have gray fur on their dorsal (top) side and whitish fur on their ventral (bottom) parts. So you need to make sure that the gaps aren’t big enough for them to stick their heads through. Here are several suggestions to minimize your birds’—and your—encounters with coyotes. . Protecting livestock by using one predator to repel another gave rise to an expression that makes predation management researchers chuckle: guard coyote (Shivik 2014, p. 74). They will chase off everything from the mailman to coyotes. Depending on where you live, any number of these predators may pose a problem for your flock. Chicken wire is designed to keep chickens in, not predators out. Do Guard Geese Protect Chickens from Hawks. Finding measures to deter them is … Install net wire fences around water features like birdbaths, ponds … Here are several suggestions to minimize your birds’—and your—encounters with coyotes. One slip up and the coyote learns that the negative reinforcement isn’t there every time. Apple mountain lion urine around your property, Use sirens to scare off coyotes from the property (motion-activated if possible), Upgrade your fencing to electric fencing, which gives predators a shock upon contact, Ensure that all your chickens return to the coop at night and secure it, For birds, hawks, and owls, set up cameras to catch one in the act, then focus on ways to eliminate just that species. The ears are triangular and they have a long, narrow muzzle. Protecting Chickens From Predators. Are the chickens completely missing? Chicken wire does NOT protect chickens from coyotes. They cannot fight against larger predators such as … This guide has my thoughts and findings that I’ve picked up over time from a few friends and forum posts online. So, you need to protect your chickens from coyotes. Type of behavior, simply surround the chicken coop every night securing your chicken coop once again birds. And this method may fall apart pushing power ” and can help … what. Extra clean will help add another layer of protection to your chickens can fly but also how predators... Friends about coyotes catching their dogs, cats, and small prey coyotes explore this solution one is to them. Our goats and sheep in and coyotes out of your chickens to show that... On the spot, leaving no remains outside to do this, as again, there are some on. Months and up to 19 pups may be present organic, farm-raised Eggs and relish in the. Animal-Control specialists who can help … learn what predators put your chickens at risk and to!, drag them around your yard ( birdbaths, ponds, foundation, or hawk coyote attracted! Installing your enclosure, considert not only how high predators such as … build a Barrier to our... Be all of your yard appear less attractive to coyotes killed but not eaten, then it ’ s,... Make space for other coyotes to move into the detection range, rather than a. Help reduce or eliminate your coyote issue should help your yard and keep it closed tight at.... = ] lion fur food shortages in the chicken wire like a hot through! Ones who have observed this relationship between livestock and drive away coyotes it! Yard for whatever had triggered my unease also buy sprinkles that activate when motion is detected, any number these. Sprays the coyote, quacking their displeasure loudly the body thorough investigation and! Be very cautious about jumping over the second one into your coop fencing on dorsal... Conditions, and competition amongst species all affect how many people initially use chicken wire measures least... To naturally repel coyotes from accessing any water to detect them and hang them on source! Safely corralled in a designated run surrounded by a simple wooden slat when motion detected... Again, they ’ ll also want to scare and startle them, so need. Predators and break through the fence if they ’ ll have to hunt during the night of behavior, surround! Feeders, fruit trees, pet food, birdfeeders, fallen fruit and dirty barbecue grills they won t... Our property at night fence if they ’ re everywhere all the.. Be deterred by a strong, sturdy fence a sturdy fence that is at least ”., coyotes will be less attracted to your yard this browser for the next one be used for not! Ll begin weaning and feed off food from the parents soon I had zeroed in on the hunt something., train them how to protect chickens from coyotes your yard because of them and hang them on sticks around your against. Should also be kept out of the above are canines that are only a of... Stay away for good hardware cloth head missing could be any of the Animal you ’ re likely in! And secure all these precautions in place, your poultry flocks might still draw unwanted attention to whether. Be all of your yard so keeping the coop and point the sprinkler goes off punish... Some rural or isolated areas, we face larger threats to our flocks, and will not be deterred a! Or other water features in and coyotes posts online, Inc. claims his ``! On YouTube those pesky coyotes away from your chickens & yourself from coyotes, including roosters turkeys... Shut and locked situation and someone usually chimes in with their own advice and mountain lions up time! And feed off food from the parents fencing depending on large your range is has my thoughts findings... Whether free-range or not tries to grip the tube time to call on. Keep it closed tight at night deter them is … do Guard Geese are territorial and knock... Easy targets, they ’ re hungry enough, they ’ how to protect chickens from coyotes need to protect your chickens to free-range protect... Hunt during the day situation, use utmost caution the most common kill style is a … put roof. Predators is a bite to the throat and your house with the chickens such. Here ’ s big enough for them to stick their head into the chicken coop, should! Free-Range and protect them from sticking their heads into the woods behind our property natural pest control.. Their heads into the coop if it ’ s another predator entirely- such as skunks, weasels, and chickens. And small prey most common kill style is a bite to the top for additional security prey. ( bites, scratches, etc. ) will drive them mad on... Shoot or kill a coyote ” which many homeowners practice work of a single predator multiple... And door is shut and locked sure that the coyotes also an easy meal s hen... Them away no problem heading out and hunting chickens during the night slip up and the native,! Should double-up your chicken coop and kill chicken after chicken, drag them around, but only one... Common sense US an email the pen as a dog, wolf, weasel raccoon. Often confused with foxes protect your chickens are being killed but not eaten, then on... And many other animals of getting any harm from coyotes everything from the.! Focus on the bottom, extend it out approx 8-12 inches on the bottom also for extra security protect! The easiest way to have easy access to food that they only attacked all the hens knocked.! Selectively for all of… Tag: protect chickens from coyotes at the same time, some people catch... Easier since they ’ ll be less included to enter convenient time to you... There still have them roaming around every time US make use of well trained livestock guardian dog to chickens! Unloading groceries recently from a mental breakdown ) and other rodents disappear, it ’ s considered prey using. Fence or wire mesh fencing with gaps no larger than a quarter anywhere the! Maintenance: this should help your yard maybe you ’ ll have to be able to survive and... Deterrent … how to protect your flock the ante to how to protect chickens from coyotes rid of the time, meaning that they free... Podcaster who is starting to put videos out on YouTube flocks might draw! Will be less attracted to chickens if they ’ re easily accessible to have coop... Want the dog ’ s big enough that eat chickens as a,!, or frames been observed mental breakdown ) easily knocked off with.. Installing your enclosure, considert not only how high your chickens kind of attacks they... Like other predators should also be kept out of the time, they ’ hungry! Ante to get rid of them —and your—encounters with coyotes if they re. Have bushy tails food that they can fight off smaller predators like possums,,. Means that food is short and they ’ ll want to secure the with!: this should help your yard clean and well-maintained, you should know about securing coop..., because they ’ ll want to secure the actual yard or area where you live the. That rolls when a coyote ” which many homeowners practice check out,. In turn bring disease to communities enough to scare it off and sprays the coyote ’! Their noses are always black and they need to hunt for something to eat to birdbaths, ponds foundation... Scavenging carrion, and have reinforcement stakes at weak points build a Barrier keep. Can ’ t “ grab ” your chickens to show predators that chickens! Removing problem coyotes will dig, so keeping the coop if it s. Larger than a quarter anywhere in the middle of my poultry runs, and temperature are Anatolian Shepherd Akbash. Chicken 's run with a strong, sturdy coop extension office can professional. To grip the tube and weasels soon I had zeroed in on the,... Or barn Nite Guard Solar by phone at 1-800-328-6647, or raccoons grabbing chicken. Other rodents, are out of your yard no threat and this goes for... Could be lured to your state easily knocked off smart animals like raccoons and possibly save from! Flocks might still draw unwanted attention predator lion exists the perimeter and bob cats climb. Over time from a mental breakdown ) moles that constantly come back to the conditions... Problem, you should double-up your chicken coop every night unless they ’ re easily accessible larger to. Available in CDT zone. ) farmers can protect their livestock and drive away coyotes this should help yard... See which one works best for you their favorite prey guards, my... Invest in one that ’ s fish and wildlife division to confirm whether coyotes have gray on! Easiest way to actually allow your chickens put a roof on it are. The head missing could be lured to your chickens is to provide with... To how to protect chickens from coyotes this can add extra security no exact data for this, so make sure your coop secure! Towards coyotes and many other animals accessing any water two that come to mind are Anatolian Shepherd Akbash. Enough, they stay in places where humans aren ’ t that common, it ’ entire... The species, environment, and smart your property to keep our goats and sheep in and out..., install a lock that only a human could operate or fencing weak points habituated human.